NYS Safety & Emission Inspections

Vehicle Inspection Stations

Vehicle Inspection Stations are licensed by the DMV to conduct required annual inspections of safety equipment and required annual tests of exhaust emissions. The safety inspection and emissions test are normally done at the same time.

Safety Inspections

Every motor vehicle, motorcycle and trailer, must receive a safety inspection each year, as required by the NYS Vehicle and Traffic Law.

Motor Vehicle Inspection Stations can be licensed to inspect:

  • passenger vehicles, trailers, motorcycles and/or heavy-duty vehicles that weigh more than 18,000 lbs.
  • more than one vehicle type

Emissions Inspections

Every vehicle must receive an emissions inspection each year. The type of emissions inspection required is determined by the county of registration, the model year, the fuel type and the weight.

Do I need to get my vehicle inspected in New York State?

Yes. All vehicles registered in New York State must get a safety inspection at a DMV-licensed inspection station:

  • every 12 months
  • when the ownership of the vehicle is transferred

Most vehicles must also get an emissions inspection (or diesel emissions inspection) at the time of the safety inspection. Some diesel powered vehicles must get a diesel emissions inspection.

What is checked during an inspection

The DMV brochure, New York State Vehicle Safety/Emissions Inspection Program for Cars and Light Trucks (C-50) lists the equipment items checked during a safety inspection, and a description of the safety inspection.